Latin America’s Declining Skill Premium: A Macroeconomic Analysis
Economic Inquiry, 56 (1), January 2018, 620-636.
The decline in Latin America’s skill premium and income inequality during the 2000s was partly driven by an economic expansion that favored low-skill-intensive service sectors. Evidence shows inequality becomes countercyclical in the 2000s, and unlike previous expansions, the boom of the 2000s was concentrated on services while manufacturing lagged behind. I build an open economy general equilibrium model that features a low-skill-intensive nontradable sector. The model suggests that favorable shocks to commodity prices and international interest rate spreads, such as those that buffeted Latin America in the 2000s, account for about a fifth of the observed decline in the skill premium.
JEL classification codes: D31, E32, F41, O15, O54.
Previously circulated as: “Fiscal Policy, Sectoral Allocation, and the Skill Premium: Explaining the Decline in Latin America’s Income Inequality,” Central Bank of Chile Working Paper N° 779.
Non-technical summary in Investigación al Día, the Central Bank of Chile’s quarterly research bulletin (in Spanish).
Non-technical summary in the blog Foro Economía Ecuador (in Spanish).